WARS IN the 21st century will be fought over water as the world's population increases and climate change takes hold, a leading water engineer has said in latest edition of the ICE's Civil Engineering Journal.
Independent consultant Mike Thorn' s introduction to this special issue Water worldwide; principles and practicalities says this will make supplying water to many parts of the world an even greater challenge for civil engineers.
'With increasing world populations, industrialisation, climate variations and growing awareness of the fragility of the natural environment that sustains us, the importance and security of water supply and wastewater treatment assume an ever higher profile in national and international strategies'.
The journal also includes papers on the ethical and economic issues associated with delivering water to poor people as well as the environmental implications of building water supply infrastructure such as dams and urban pipelines.
Case studies include the Lesotho water-export project in southern Africa, Libya's Great Man-made River, the Indus water treaty and institutional change in Romania.
The issue concludes a review of the EU Water Framework Directive, which will cost the UK alone up to £20bn to implement.