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Under control Crowd control will be as much an issue outside World Cup stadia as inside them according to safety consultant Dr Jim Dickie.

Crowd management facilitates the movement and enjoyment of the spectator body, whereas crowd control is required when the anticipated course of events breaks down and a crowd or a small section of a crowd behaves in an unlawful or unsafe manner. While unexpected events can lead to the need for crowd control, deficient crowd management is the predominant cause of accidents.

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