This unique structural design presented Dr Mamdouh Hamza with some considerable engineering challenges:
A large, almost circular cylinder of a building, designed architecturally in such a way that it inherently wants to overturn.
A cathedral-like interior - high roof, slender columns.
Proximity to the sea and saline ground water required a waterproof structure.
Earthquakes, Zone 2.
Joints in the superstructure for expansion and contraction.
Requirement for zero differential settlement, with shelving units running on rails with a 14m span.
Expansion and contraction of the roof.
Air conditioning - huge volumes, no ceiling.
Fire detection and protection of ancient manuscripts Building security, controlling the accessibility and security of the contents.