Six ambitious projects have received funding totalling almost $1bn (£600M) to improve the resilience of the area of the US East Coast devastated by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012.
US Housing and urban development secretary Shaun Donovan this week announced which proposals would be taken forward after a year-long international ides competition.
The BIG Team, featuring architect Bjarke Ingels Group and consultant Buro Happold among others, won £200M for its proposal for a U-shaped shield around large parts of Manhattan. The protective system will take different forms in each district, enhancing the public realm as well as guarding against floods.
A strategy for Hoboken in New Jersey, drawn up by a team led by architect OMA, secured £137M. The plan is based around measures to resist, delay, store and discharge excess water in an extreme weather event.
A team of Mit Cau + Zus + Urbanisten won £89M for its vision of an intricate system of berms and marshes across the Meadowpark in New Jersey. These are designed to protect against ocean surges, and to collect rainfall, reducing sewer overflows in adjacent towns.
Funding of £74M was awarded to the Interboro Team for its plan to strategically deploy protective measures in Long Island. Such measures will include constructed marshes, dikes, and cross-structures.
The Living Breakwaters project, proposed by Scape/Landscape Architecture, consultant Parsons Brinckerhoff and others, was awarded £36M. This scheme proposes a series of breakwaters to protect Staten Island from wave damage.
Funding of £12M was awarded to the Hunts Point Lifelines scheme proposed by a PennDesign-led team. This includes plans for a tri-generation plant in New York to create low cost and low carbon cooling for when the electricity grid goes down.
Sandy caused about 200 deaths and more than £30bn of damage when it hit coastal communities including New York, Rhode Island and Maryland.
Donovan said: “The winning proposals are truly transformative and serve as blueprints for how we can safeguard the region and make it more environmentally and economically resilient.
“It’s my hope that Rebuild by Design will inspire other public-private partnerships to spur innovation and resilience in other parts of the country and around the world.
“By investing in these proposals, we are going to ensure that when the next storm comes, the region will be safer and better prepared.”