An hourly weather pattern for the next 85 years is to be created to further understanding of how building designs interact with different conditions.
The ambitious research project is led by University of Bath Department of Architecture & Civil Engineering professor David Coley. It aims to change the way building scientists and engineers consider the effects of differing weather conditions on the built environment.
A significant part of the project involves creating an hourly time series of predicted weather until 2100, including typical weather and extreme conditions such as heat waves and cold snaps.
The university said that the different weather characteristics will then be tested on more than 1,200 different building designs to see how the characteristics of external temperature, wind and sun impact the occupants and lead to demand for central heating and air conditioning.
“In western civilisations we know the greatest contributor to weather-related deaths are short term extreme temperature changes, including both increases and decreases,” said Coley.
“These temporary temperature variations account for more weather-related deaths than all other weather events combined, including lighting strikes, rain, flooding, hurricanes and tornados.
“It is important that we recognise the role buildings play in responding to and dealing with extreme weather conditions – buildings can keep people alive during extreme weather events, but they can also kill. The time series of example hourly weather we are devising in conjunction with testing these variations on different building designs will help us to better develop building designs that can safely and comfortably house occupants and avoid weather-related preventable deaths in the future.”