As a result of the Traffic Management Act (TMA) 2004's implementation, a new permit scheme will be used to set out agreed conditions of working between the local authority and the utility companies carrying out the works.
The Act also amends the existing New Roads and Street Works Act (NRSWA) 1991 to make the parking enforcement system fairer to motorists, specifying that it is not to be used as a revenue raising tool for local authorities.
Minister of state for transport, Rosie Winterton, said: "We want to make life better for motorists. Ongoing road works and unclear parking enforcement are among road users' biggest concerns."
"These new powers are designed to tackle both issues and are a key part of the Government's strategy to tackle congestion and keep traffic moving," she added.
As of today, utility companies will be forced to give longer notice periods before beginning road works, and will have to apply to the secretary of state for a permit agreeing the duration of works, hours of working and the exact nature of the works.
Utility companies will also be encouraged coordinate works with each other to allow them to use the same trenches, thereby reducing the amount of road works in place at any one time.
Any companies breaching the conditions on which the permit was granted will be subject to fines of up to £250 per offence.
Commenting on the new system, Winterton said: "Disruption from street works costs the economy about £4.9 billion each year- these strengthened powers will allow councils to better co-ordinate when work happens on their roads."
The new parking rules will see independent adjudicators granted the power to request local authorities reconsider their decision to issue penalties on a case by case basis.
Also, rules regarding wheel clamping will advise that only persistent penalty charge evaders are clamped, and that less serious offences receive lesser penalties.
The rules are intended to enable a stronger focus on more serious offenders whose parking behaviour causes the greatest disruption, such as those parking in disabled parking bays, on pedestrian crossings or yellow lines.
Winterton continued: "Parking rules exist to help beat congestion and improve road safety, these regulations will help make parking enforcement fairer, clearer and more open."