The UK’s carbon capture and storage (CCS) strategy should include combining bioenergy with CCS (Beccs) technology, if the UK is to meet its 2050 greenhouse gas emission targets, according to a new report.
The Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) report, called The Evidence for Deploying Bioenergy with CCS (Beccs) in the UK, states that Beccs can deliver negative emissions (the net removal of CO2 from the atmosphere) while also producing energy in the form of electricity, heat, gas and liquid fuels.
The report says that Beccs is achievable by 2030 because all of the major components of a Beccs system have been “proven” individually. The ETI said that successful implementation could eventually see 55M.t of carbon emissions removed from the atmosphere over the course of a year.
“The UK is well-placed to exploit the benefits of Beccs because it has vast storage opportunities offshore, experience in bioenergy deployment, and academic and industrial strength in both bioenergy and CCS,” commented Geraldine Newton-Cross, the report’s author and ETI strategy manager for bioenergy.
The report also stresses that significant support is required over the next five to 10 years to demonstrate a commercial deployment of Beccs technology. The ETI said it is crucial that the government’s CCS strategy includes Beccs technology, in order for the UK to meet its emission targets.
The ETI’s report highlights advances in the understanding of the costs and challenges of biomass-fed combustion systems, while also identifying several economical and low-risk CO2 stores around the country.
“This progress in the technical, environmental and financial evidence and understanding, together with the commercial demonstration steps being taken by others globally, should give the UK government confidence to commit to, and support the demonstration of this vital technology in the UK,” added Newton-Cross.