Whatever may be happening elsewhere in the world, construction in China is racing ahead. New transport links, infrastructure for the growing economy and arts and leisure facilities are all under way even without the spur of the 2006 Olympics. NCEI gives a taste of some of the projects being built in this construction hotspot.
Work is in full swing for a music, theatre and arts complex in Shanghai.
The leaf-shaped Oriental Arts Centre is fast taking shape to a design by French architect Paul Andreu and ADPi Architects & Engineers. The firms won an international design competition in early 2001, with a contract signed in August that year by client the Shanghai Pudong Broadcast, TV and Culture Bureau. Cost is $121M.
The 40,000m 2 project is made up of five independent structures, each serving a separate function: Concert hall, theatre, mini-concert hall, exhibition area and restaurant and entry facilities. Concrete walls, now under construction, are split into five curving sections, which will support a cantilevered steel roof.
A light curved glazed facade is braced by external struts linking the steel to the concrete walls.
For solar protection the architects have chosen a composite sandwich glass, which includes a perforated metal sheet. This may be imported from Europe or Japan although some Chinese companies are currently experimenting with its manufacture.
Structural design of the roof and facade system is being carried out by French firm Coyne et Bellier, though final calculations will be done by the Shanghaibased Chinese design institute ECADI. Contractor for the facade will be a Shenyang company in joint venture with French contractor Viry.
LOOKING AFTER LUPU: The new Lupu bridge crosses the river in the heart of Shanghai, completing the third major link since the mid1990s for the rapidly expanding city, and joining the new Pudong Financial district with the original administrative and cultural centre.
The road bridge totals 750m in length, comprising an elegant tapering concrete arch structure with a suspended road deck at mid level.
Inspection platforms, trolleys and the runway rail system for a full bridge maintenance set up are being supplied by British firm Street CraneXpress. Three platforms are required. The main central platform covers the full 42m width of the deck and has a moveable internal work platform to access across the deck underside. There are a number of supporting trolleys.
SCX is responsible for design of the hardware, rail system, electrics and control system while the Shanghai Machinery & Equipment Import & Export Corporation has carried out manufacture of the main structure.
The UK firm has also worked on the smaller side span units which will be suspended from I section rails and which can traverse the width of the bridge and return.
The Lupu bridge was built by Shanghai Tongzhu Engineering.