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Low carbon: Changes over the next 10 years

How Ed Miliband’s White Paper strategises the UK’s journey towards achieving the desired carbon reduction over the next decade

Power

Power

2009

  • Wind (onshore and offshore) produces over 4GW of power
  • Government publishes a high level vision for a future smart grid Third round of leases for 25GW offshore wind sites awarded
  • Shortlist of possible Severn Tidal schemes published
  • Pay as you save pilots start

2010

  • New planning regime begins
  • Anticipated first deployment of wave and tidal energy demonstration projects under the Marine Renewables Deployment Fund
  • Reforms to the Renewables Obligation are introduced
  • Government makes a decision on Severn Tidal scheme

2011

  • Levy on electricity suppliers to fund carbon capture and storage demonstration projects in place
  • Commissioning of Wave Hub energy testing centre in Cornwall and first deployment of wave energy devices
  • Expansion of wave and tidal energy testing sites in Northumbria and Orkney completed

2013

  • The cap for the EU Emissions Trading System starts to be tightened every year from now
  • The power sector starts paying for every tonne of carbon emitted by purchasing allowances in EU Emissions Trading System auctions
  • Construction of first new nuclear power stations expected to be underway

2014

  • First UK commercial scale carbon capture and storage demonstration intended to be operational
  • Larger-scale wave and tidal energy generation (>10MW) starts to be deployed

2015

  • The EU will have selected 12 carbon capture and storage demonstration projects for support across the EU

2018

  • Plans show first new nuclear power station operational

2020

  • Around 30% of electricity is generated from renewable sources
  • 40% of electricity will come from low carbon sources
  • Up to four carbon capture and storage demonstration projects operational in the UK

Power

 

Transport

Transport

2009

  • Almost 340 ultra-low emission cars on the road in the coming 18 months, the largest project of its kind in the world
  • Delivery of several hundred low carbon buses over 2009 and 2010
  • Improved cycle storage facilities at up to 10 major railway stations during 2009-10

2010

  • Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation is amended or replaced to deliver renewable transport goals
  • Following High Speed Two’s report to Government at the end of 2009, Government intends to consult on proposals for a new high speed rail line between London and the West Midlands

2011

  • The Government provides £2,000-5,000 per vehicle to help reduce the cost of ultra low carbon cars
  • Government departments and agencies meet target to procure new cars for administrative purposes that meet EU standard for 2015

2012

  • All flights arriving in or departing from European airports become part of the EU Emissions Trading System
  • 500,000 more children trained to ride safely through the Bikeability programme
  • Government to set an environmental target for train operators for the period 2014-19

2013

  • Fuel suppliers are required to ensure that 5% of road transport fuel comes from renewable sources by 2013/14

2014

  • New Super Express trains which are greener and less noisy are rolled out from 2014

2015

  • Average level of emissions from new cars sold in Europe is 130g CO2/km

2020

  • Average carbon dioxide emissions from new cars in Europe will be 95g CO2/km − representing a 40% improvement from 2007 levels
  • 10% of transport energy to come from sustainable renewable sources

Transport

 

Waste, homes & workplaces

2009

  • 880,000 people work in the green sector
  • Government provides £1.4 billion of targeted support for low carbon industries in the world
  • Central Government departments take on carbon budgets for their own estate and operations

2010

  • Central government buildings will be 15% more efficient than in 1999/00
  • Building Regulations improve energy efficiency by 25% compared to 2006 regulations

2011

  • First sale of allowances for the Carbon Reduction Commitment for 2010 and 2011 in April
  • Energy wasting traditional light bulbs are no longer sold

2013

  • Building Regulations improve energy efficiency by 44% compared to 2006 regulations

2015

  • 1.2m people could be working in the green sector
  • Low carbon economy could be worth £150m a year in UK and £4.3bn a year globally
  • The NHS expects to have reduced its carbon footprint by 10% compared to today

2016

  • All new homes zero carbon

2018

  • New nuclear power stations could create or sustain up to 9000 jobs during the course of construction and operation (including supply chains)
  • Government ambition for all new public sector (nondomestic) buildings to be zero carbon
  • Very little biomass is landfilled, emissions are tightly controlled

2020

  • Up to half a million additional jobs in the UK renewable energy sector, including supply chains
  • End of 2020 every home in UK will have a smart meter
  • 12% of heat is generated from renewable sources, equivalent to supplying 4 million households based on current heating demand

Waste

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