A new and vibrant office, retail and residential area known as Nova is being created in Victoria, central London, as this area of SW1 gets a thorough makeover, with steel construction playing a leading role.
The first phase started in June 2013 and when it is complete later this year it will provide 44,600m2 of offices, 7,500m2 of retail and restaurant space, and 170 luxury modern apartments within three landmark buildings.
This prestigious project’s location has thrown up a number of challenges for main contractor Mace, as project director Tony Palgrave explains: “The site is surrounded by busy roads, so logistics are complicated, we have theatres and hotels close by which means we have to keep noise levels down at certain times. The Victoria Underground Station upgrade works are ongoing right next to our site, while below us there is a protected zone for the forthcoming Crossrail 2 project. We also have to contend with two major sewers, one of which runs right across our site.”
All of the project’s main challenges have been overcome and the job, including the steel construction programme, is on schedule. The major steel construction elements of Nova are the 15-storey North and 21-storey South office blocks. As well as Grade A office accommodation, both of these buildings will have ground and first floor retail and restaurant spaces.
“At the early design stage we had concrete and steel alternatives for the office blocks,” says Robert Bird group managing director David Seel. “Steel was the best option to create the premium office space desired, as it meant we could halve the amount of internal columns.”
Together these steel-framed structurally independent buildings occupy just over half of the site’s footprint. Interestingly, the gap between the buildings has been designed to correspond to the Crossrail 2 exclusion zone, so piling was not possible in this area.
Steel was the best option to create the premium office space desired, as it meant we could halve the amount of internal columns.
David Seel, Robert Bird
The superstructure’s steel frames begin at ground floor level with a complex connection to the site’s numerous plunge columns (see box). As many of the columns are inclined, Severfield had to ensure the plunge to structural column connection joined exactly.
Based around centrally positioned concrete cores, both steel frames are erected on a 9m-perimeter grid pattern with some internal spans of up to 16m. Each building features a mix of vertical and inclined façades and this sloping geometry has necessitated the use of bespoke fabricated box section columns, measuring up to 600mm by 300mm.
Complex inclined roofs adorn Nova North and South, with the latter building having by far the most complex steel-framed roof as it slopes in two opposing directions.
High level steel lattices
To erect these high-level steel lattice structures, a huge piece-count of individual steel members has been lifted into place to form wedge-shaped prisms. Much of the roof steelwork is galvanized, because it will be left exposed to the elements.
Nova North has an inclined roof and flat architectural featured roof grillage. The roof extends from levels 10 to 15, all of which are plant spaces with the exception of one upper floor, which has office space.
Topping Nova South are two inclined roofs, containing plant levels from 10 to 15 and then upwards from 16 into an architectural peak at level 21. Again, the uppermost level of this block also contains plant areas.
Roofs pitch in two directions
“The roofs, especially the South which pitches in two directions, are made up of bespoke steel elements,” says Severfield contracts manager Martin Clyne.
Two trusses add to the complexity of the South roof. The truss members were delivered to site as individual sections and lifted by the tower crane to the level 10 slab, which was used as a temporary laydown area during erection.
Each truss was built up in its final position and due to its shape, was temporarily propped with a column and jacking system from the Level 10 slab. Once the first section was securely in position, the remainder of the sections were built from it. Once complete, the trusses support the Level 11 and 12 plant room floors.
On the North roof, a transfer girder was designed and installed at Level 12 due to the long span between columns. The girder is 15.4m long and 1.5m in depth and weighs 25.3t. The completed girder was heavier than the tower crane’s capacity and so it had to be spliced at three points.
“A temporary propping system was installed from Level 12 down to Level 10 ahead of the delivery of the girder. Once all of the sections were bolted and restrained the temporary propping system was removed leaving the girder self-supporting,” sums up Clyne.
Below Ground works
A top-down construction method, whereby the basement works were undertaken simultaneously with the building of the project’s superstructure, was used on Nova.
“It’s all about getting the steel frame started as quickly as possible and the top-down method allows this by creating a much faster programme,” says Robert Bird Group managing director David Seel.
The project’s basement covers the entire site and is four levels deep. To create this large space, early works included making sure ground movements were kept to a minimum to protect the major sewer that cuts across the site and to protect the nearby London Underground Lines and the new Victoria Station pedestrian tunnels.
A number of existing piles from previous buildings had to be located prior to the installation of 240 steel plunge columns that consist of 40 different profiles and are installed to a depth of up to 20m.
The majority of the existing piles have been left in the ground, but a few had to be extracted as their position would have hindered the project’s desired 9m by 9m steel grid pattern.
Some plunge columns acted as temporary supports for the cores, so they could be constructed early in the programme, in turn allowing the steelwork to start sooner.
“Using steel plunge columns gave us two advantages,” adds Seel. “They acted as temporary steel supports for the cores and then later they were cast in concrete to become part of the project’s composite reinforcement.”
In total more than 2,000t of the overall 9,000t steel tonnage supplied and fabricated by Severfield has been used below ground level at Nova.
Project: Nova Victoria
Main client: Land Securities
Main contractor: Mace
Structural engineer: Robert Bird Group
Steelwork contractor: Severfield
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