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Crossrail station profile: Farringdon

Millions of people travelling to and through London will benefit from Farringdon station, which links Crossrail and Thameslink services through an integrated ticket hall. By 2017 Farringdon will have been transformed into one of the most important transport hubs in central London.

Farringdon is an historic area of the City of London. Among the important listed buildings in the area is the imposing, Grade-II listed Smithfield Market designed by Victorian architect Sir Horace Jones in the second half of the 19th century. It was the arrival of the railways in 1860s that transformed the area, bringing Aberdeen cattle directly to the basement areas of the meat market. Many of these former goods yards and marshalling areas will play a vital part in the construction of Crossrail’s new ticket halls.

“Farringdon lies at the heart of London’s rail network. Uniquely, it will link the east-west axis of Crossrail with the north-south axis of the Thameslink Line.”

Tim Grimshaw, Crossrail Central

“Farringdon station lies at the heart of London’s rail network and will be one of London’s major rail interchange stations,” explains Crossrail Central project manager for Farringdon Tim Grimshaw. “Uniquely, it will link the east-west axis of Crossrail with the north-south rail axis of the enhanced Thameslink Line.

It also links with four of London’s airports − Heathrow, Luton, City and Gatwick, and to London Underground’s (LU) Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan Lines.” “Key to the overall success of the Crossrail project at Farringdon is engagement with local stakeholders.

We are working closely with Network Rail to make sure residents and businesses in the area are kept informed on what’s happening and when. Minimising noise and dust, the impact of construction traffic and effects on passengers, residents and traffic around the Crossrail site play a crucial part in our planning,” says Grimshaw.

The Farringdon Crossrail station will have two ticket halls, one at the west fully integrated with Thameslink, and one at the east connected directly to the west end of the Barbican LU station − on completion, two separate stations will be connected and managed as a single entity.

Key Facts

18k.t

Of steel used in structures

04

airports directly accessible from Farringdon

150k

passengers per day to use the Farringdon interchange

 

Like all the Crossrail central London stations, Farringdon will be constructed within a very congested environment with very little working space available. In addition, Farringdon has to be ready to receive the tunnel boring machines (TBMs) from both running tunnels in both directions and is the site for the launch of a 240m-long twin bored pilot tunnel which will probe the complex ground conditions including a major fault line, prior to subsequently enlarging them to form the platform tunnels. In addition, the surrounding area will need to be dewatered and subject to permeation grouting prior to construction of the sprayed concrete lined tunnels.

The integrated Thameslink and Crossrail western ticket hall places Farringdon at the heart of the system off ering passengers a unique interchange experience. Achieving this goal will require a real commitment and dedication from both teams. “The complex design and construction interfaces demand full collaboration and detailed planning with the Thameslink Project to co-ordinate design and construction,” says Grimshaw.

“Critical to completing the Crossrail station on time is the integration of the construction programmes while maintaining station operations.”

Tim Grimshaw, Crossrail Central

A special feature in the eastern ticket hall will be an inclined lift, constructed in the same tunnel space and operating adjacent to the usual bank of three escalators. This provides increased inclusive access and security for passengers with restricted mobility and in this case also reduces the need for tunnelling in diffi cult ground conditions.

Jim Paterson from Farringdon station design consultant Scott Wilson explains: “The main shaft of the eastern ticket hall, which receives the enlarged escalator barrel, occupies a large portion of the site and construction planning on this very constrained site is a considerable challenge with construction access from the blockaded Moorgate Spur, approximately 7m below road level. Currently the site is occupied by an Interlocking Machine Room which is to be relocated by LU before work on the shaft can start.

“Critical to completing the Crossrail station on time is the integration of the construction programmes − for platform tunnels with the main TBM drives, for the Thameslink programme, and for London Underground works − while maintaining station operations,” says Grimshaw.

Crossrail run times from Farringdon

  • Canary Wharf 09 mins
  • Whitechapel 05 mins
  • Liverpool Street 02 mins
  • Farringdon n/a
  • Tottenham Court Road 03 mins
  • Bond Street 05 mins
  • Paddington 09 mins

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