Joe Cyril Bamford opened for business on 23 October 1945, the day his first son Anthony was born.
JCB's first product, a farm trailer, sold for £45.
In 1948 JCB produced Europe's first hydraulic loader, the Major Loader.
In 1953 the first hydraulic backhoe excavator, the MK 1, was launched.
In 1963 the classic JCB 3C backhoe loader was unveiled.
The famous JCB logo was registered on 25 January 1958.
JCB's reputation for marketing was established with the launch of the 3D backhoe loader which was sold with an in-cab kettle.
In 1988 Country and Western singer Lenny Green released the single 'My JCB and me'.
Anthony Bamford became chairman in November 1975, aged 30.
The company exports nearly 80% of its products.
The name JCB appears in the Oxford English Dictionary.
Joe Bamford lives in retirement in Switzerland.
1997 group turnover was £773.5M.
This year JCB sold its 300,000th machine.