THE CONSTRUCTION industry played a vital part in London 2012's bid success, with many firms working for free as the build up to submitting the bid intensified.
London 2012 infrastructure director James Bulley was also seconded from consultant Drivers Jonas.
Number crunching was carried out by Franklin & Andrews to ensure fi gures for the construction programme stood up to International Olympic Committee scrutiny.
On the contracting side, Laing O'Rourke worked on virtual reality computer simulations for the Olympic Park and Mace helped on the procurement strategy and timetable.
Buro Happold provided key input on the stadium design and on infrastructure planning, utilities, river engineering and the sustainability strategy.
EDF energy also made a huge leap of faith in sponsoring the bid, as it is owned by the French utilities giant ElectricitÚ de France which would have almost certainly felt obliged to back the rival Paris bid.
The key contributions enabled London bid team member and British Olympic Association chairman Craig Reedie to trumpet Britain's 'superb technical plan' in Singapore.