The worst flooding occurred in Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, which was severely affected in the summer floods. Bewdley and Tewkesbury were both flooded again. Prolonged rain in Wales, feeding into the Severn catchment, kept river levels high throughout the last week. Toll Bar in Yorkshire also flooded again.
Demountable barriers were used at Upton upon Severn, at Frankwell in Shrewsbury, and at Hilton Road in Worcester, and the tidal barrier was brought into use at Hull.
"We are out on the ground monitoring the situation, clearing watercourses, strengthening our defences and pumping water out where necessary," said Environment Agency chief executive, Barbara Young.
As well as the 15 severe flood warnings on Monday, 117 flood warnings and 169 flood watches were in place.
An Environment Agency spokesman said: "There was a lot of rainfall, but fortunately, the rain moved quickly across the country rather then dumping constant rain on a few spots for a prolonged period, like in the summer."
Although properties have been flooded, the spokesman said initial reports showed the conditions were not as bad as they had beenlast summer.
In Yorkshire, the River Aire overtopped its banks at Leeds, flooding businesses in the city centre. Train services to and from Leeds were interrupted after flooding on the railway at Kirkstall.
The river Colne flooded at Huddersfield, cutting rail services off at Brighouse, where the embankment had slipped. At Mirfield, a bridge was awaiting checks for scour damage, but water levels remained too high to check as NCE went to press.
On the same line, a signal box at Healey Mills was knocked-out.
Railway lines between Skipton and Carlisle were flooded, as was the line between Preston, and Ormskirk.
On Tuesday night the rain was receding, with some turning to snow in the north and Scotland, and the number of severe flood warnings had been reduced to just one, between Upper Arley and Bevere along the River Severn.