A code of practice for the site investigation industry has been around since the 1950s, when the Institution of Civil Engineers was given responsibility to issue standards.
The first draft Civil engineering Code of Practice for site investigations was issued for comment in 1949, with the final version, the Civil Engineering Code of Practice No 1, Site Investigations published in 1950.
In 1954, responsibility was transferred to the British Standards Institution. And BSI almost immediately requested a revision of the code, carried out by an ICE committee. CP2001 was released in 1957 and for nearly a quarter of a century remained the document of good practice for the geotechnical industry.
BS 5930 replaced CP 2001 in 1981. It deals with all aspects of site investigation, from the desk study through to the final reporting of the work, mainly focusing on ground investigation practice, covering all aspects of the methods of drilling, sampling and insitu testing of soils, rocks and groundwater.
Laboratory tests are dealt with briefly, with detailed procedures given in the sister code BS 1377:1990 Methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes. First published in 1948, the code has been in metric form since 1975 and covers all aspects of the laboratory and insitu soil testing currently used in civil engineering.