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Gallery | Arup unveils Europe’s first 3D-printed house

Europe’s first 3D-printed house has been unveiled in Italy.

Lauded as the ‘next generation’ of building construction, Arup and architects CLS Architetti’s have been showing off the 3D Housing 05 project in Milan, as part of the Salone del Mobile design festival.

Arup Europe materials consulting lead Guglielmo Carra believes that this project is just the start of a 3D printing revolution.

“We’ve shown with this building that 3D printing technology is now advanced enough to take on more complex structures,” Carra said. “We need to make a major shift in the way the construction industry operates, away from today’s ‘make, use, dispose’ mentality.

“We’ve shown with this building that 3D printing technology is now advanced enough to take on more complex structures, and design buildings to be repurposed or reused at the end of their life

The project covers an 100m² area and was printed on-site via a £300,000 bot. Located in the grand Piazza Cesare Beccaria, the 3D Housing 05 was printed in 35 separate pieces before being assembled.

The concrete structure has been designed to increase efficiencies at the time of the building process as well as allowing reuse of materials at the end of the building’s life.

Arup Italy building practice leader Luca Stabile added that using robots will lead to the ‘next generation of advanced buildings.

He said: “Robots are opening up a number of possibilities for realising the next generation of advanced buildings.

“Digital tools combined with new technologies will enable the production of custom-made shapes that cannot be produced otherwise.” 

Earlier this month, the full span of a 3D printed steel smart bridge over an Amsterdam canal was finalised by Arup and Dutch start-up MX3D.


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