Your browser is no longer supported

For the best possible experience using our website we recommend you upgrade to a newer version or another browser.

Your browser appears to have cookies disabled. For the best experience of this website, please enable cookies in your browser

We'll assume we have your consent to use cookies, for example so you won't need to log in each time you visit our site.
Learn more

Future costs


In the 1981 CIRIA report, Long-term research and development requirements in civil engineering, I stressed that gures for expenditure on research were only available for work commissioned externally to an organisation.

In consequence the far greater expenditure on innovation undertaken internally - otherwise classiable under R&D - was neglected.

Yet Mike Chrimes (NCE last week) perpetuates this misunderstanding, compounding the error in making comparison with chemical engineering, which is industry based and hence under totally different conditions of commercial exploitation.

Ray O'Rourke (NCE last week) is correct to emphasise the need for innovation in order to compete and survive. So long as least cost dominates the market, innovation will not achieve the desirable priority.

Sir Alan Muir Wood, ICE past president, Bere Court Road, Pangbourne, Berkshire RG8 8JY

Have your say

You must sign in to make a comment

Please remember that the submission of any material is governed by our Terms and Conditions and by submitting material you confirm your agreement to these Terms and Conditions. Please note comments made online may also be published in the print edition of New Civil Engineer. Links may be included in your comments but HTML is not permitted.