Firms from across the UK have been selected for government funding to develop innovations to boost the fracking process.
Technology strategy board Innovate UK named 19 winners of its competition to find ideas to unlock the potential of shale gas and oil.
These firms will share £2M of state funding to develop their plans. Winning ideas include non-intrusive probing techniques, sensors to detect methane leaks, and glass-based beads to keep fractures open.
Energy minister Matt Hancock said: “Unlocking the shale gas and oil that is deep underground is an opportunity to reduce carbon emissions, increase our energy security and create jobs.
“It must be done safely and securely, so supporting innovation in this sector is vital to help us seize this opportunity.”
Fracking remains controversial but has been backed by the government and was boosted by three new funds announced in the most recent Autumn Statement.