Among the recommendations in Transport and Climate Change are measures to force motorists to drive more slowly on Britain's motorways; "more intensive promotion" of public transport alternatives to the car through schemes such as work travel plans; and more taxes to reduce emissions from van and lorry fleets and get more freight onto the rail system.
“This report stands out from others by focusing very much on the cost-effectiveness of measures to cut transport carbon emissions," said CfIT’s climate change working group chairman Michael Roberts.
"Our knowledge in this area needs to improve as it is vital to identifying the best economy-wide approach to meeting the UK’s reduction targets," added Roberts, who is also director of business environment at the Confederation of British Industry.
“It has long been recognised that we need to promote technological and behavioural change to secure reductions in transport emissions. This report emphasises the importance of bringing together measures aimed at achieving both. The Government’s current approach already reflects this but could in our view be developed further to good effect."