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Dover's soul One of the most important civil engineering projects in England in the 16th Century was Dover Harbour.

Apart from its proximity to the French coast, Dover has never had much to recommend it as a site for a major harbour. The shallow bay west of the River Dour's narrow estuary did offer some shelter against westerly gales, and shipping had been using it since the Bronze Age. But bay and estuary alike were constantly under threat from great banks of shingle moving inexorably eastward along the coast.

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