The civil engineering profession grew by almost a fifth last year, according to research.
Accountancy Nixon Williams said there were 159,000 employees in the sector at the end of 2014.
This was up from 135,000 a year earlier.
The increase of 17.7% was the fastest the profession had grown in the last five years.
However, the civils workforce remained below the 2009 peak of 174,000.
Median annual civil engineering pay is currently £29,806, just slightly higher than the £29,222 median in 2009.
Nixon Williams practice manager Martin Brennan said: “The UK engineering sector has seen its strongest year of jobs growth since the recession, and has cemented its status as one of the key drivers of economic output in recent years.
“Employers are increasingly reporting that a shortage of engineers is a threat to their growth plans and are struggling to find the skills they need in the marketplace.
“If the current rate of job creation is maintained, the size of the engineering workforce will exceed 2009 levels later this year.”
But he added: “Despite the recovery in jobs, pay growth for engineers has been relatively subdued. We are seeing this phenomenon elsewhere in the economy where employers have opted to recruit graduates into entry level jobs and train them internally rather than recruit experienced, and often higher paid, candidates.”