A raft of engineering research projects have received a cash boost from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).
Initiatives supported include a project by the University of Lancaster and Stirling looking into increasing airport capacity, and research by Newcastle University into membrane material synthesis
The grants are part of £65M being injected by EPSRC for equipment and projects at 18 UK universities.
EPSRC chief executive Philip Nelson said: “Investment in world-class projects, equipment and people helps to make the UK the best place in the world to research, discover and innovate.
“This £65M package will fuel the UK’s technological progress, help address the challenges of today and tomorrow, and contribute to a strong economy.”