Your browser is no longer supported

For the best possible experience using our website we recommend you upgrade to a newer version or another browser.

Your browser appears to have cookies disabled. For the best experience of this website, please enable cookies in your browser

We'll assume we have your consent to use cookies, for example so you won't need to log in each time you visit our site.
Learn more

Brief history

Geographically part of the Middle East.

Predominantly Iranian influence until influx of Turkic tribes in 11th century.

In 1828, Azerbaijan split along the Araz river. North became part of Russian Empire. South belonged to Persian Empire (more Azeris live in Iran than Azerbaijan).

Exploration began in the 19th century.

1918: Following the Russian revolution, Azerbaijan declared independence.

1920: Soviet Red Army seized Baku for its oil fields.

Second World War Battle of Stalingrad thwarted Hitler's aim of taking Caspian oil fields.

Lack of investment after the Second World War saw infrastructure decay. 1991: Collapse of USSR. Azerbaijan declares independence. War with Armenia begins.

1993: War ends. Azerbaijan loses one fifth of territory. Former communist party leader Heydar Aliyev comes to power.

1994: First oil deal signed with AIOC.

Good read: On Secret Service East of Constantinople by Peter Hopkirk, Oxford University Press (01865) 556 767.

Have your say

You must sign in to make a comment

Please remember that the submission of any material is governed by our Terms and Conditions and by submitting material you confirm your agreement to these Terms and Conditions. Please note comments made online may also be published in the print edition of New Civil Engineer. Links may be included in your comments but HTML is not permitted.