The BGS last month took delivery of a Riegl LPM800HA terrestrial scanning (LiDAR) system.
The new laser scanner has a range of 800m and can gather survey points at a rate of 1000/s without the need for targets.
Data will be used to create detailed three-dimensional models of geological features.
BGS said the system opens up new opportunities for landslide and erosion monitoring, geomorphological research, structural and stratigraphical geology mapping, and archiving of temporary features.
The BGS added its 'retired' equipment is still in good condition and has been sent to a monitoring facility on the volcanic island of Montserrat.