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0resund link

The 0resund link between Denmark and Sweden was officially opened by the Queen of Denmark and the King of Sweden last month.

The 16km fixed link across the shallow Drogden channel between the two countries is made up of three main elements: a 3.5km long immersed tube tunnel, a 4km long artificial island and a 7.8km long bridge.

The road and rail crossing cost £2.4bn (at 2000 prices), jointly funded by the Danish and Swedish governments, and controlled by client 0resundkonsortiet.

It boasts an immersed tube tunnel with the largest volume in the world and, at 490m, it is the longest span of a dual function cable-stayed bridge.

Although the crossing was recently granted another DKK250M (£22M) from the European Union as part of the TransEuropean Network programme, bringing total subsidies to £83M, it is expected to make a loss of £56M in the first year of operation.Income from road tolls, from the Danish and Swedish national rail companies and service providers using the link for cables, is expected to reach £99M but operational and financing costs and depreciation is estimated at £155M.

However,0resundkonsortiet hopes that rising traffic levels and falling operating costs will ensure the link starts to show a profit within 'a few years'.

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